Dehydration happens when the fluid output is more than the fluid intake. Body fluids are lost through tears, sweat, vomiting, diarrhea, or urine. If lost fluids are not replaced, dehydration occurs. It mostly occurs in children and older adults.
An average adult approximately loses 2.5 liters, a drop of 2% of our total body fluid can lead to a headache, short-term memory loss, loss of concentration, lethargic, dry skin, cognitive impairment and digestive problems.
Dehydration can be mild, moderate, and severe. With that, it can lead to serious complications. To help confirm and evaluate the severity of dehydration, blood tests and urinalysis is needed.
Blood tests evaluate numerous factors, it even shows how the kidney functions.
Urinalysis is done on dehydrated patients to evaluate their urine. The urine can determine what degree you are dehydrated. Urinalysis can also determine for signs of a bladder infection.
However, aside from the laboratory tests that confirm dehydration, there are signs that a person manifest when they have dehydration. Here are the common signs and symptoms of dehydration.
- Dry mouth
- Decreased urination/dark colored urine
- Sunken eyes
- Baggy eyes, wrinkled skin
- Low blood pressure
Heat stroke, it ranges from mild heat cramps to heat exhaustion which can lead to a potentially life-threatening heatstroke. Urinary and kidney problems. Prolonged or relapsing dehydration can cause kidney stones, urinary tract infection, or worst, kidney failure.
Seizures. When you are experiencing dehydration, there is also an imbalance with the electrolytes potassium and sodium. As this electrolytes aids in the transmission of electrical signals from one cell to another, it is a risk when these electrolytes are imbalanced, it may lead to involuntary muscle contractions and loss of consciousness.
Hypovolemic shock or low blood volume shock. This is the most serious, life-threating complication of dehydration. This occurs when the low blood volume decreases, and the amount of the oxygen in the body will also drop.
Dehydration can also lead to an increased risk of obesity, affiliated with type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and cancer, among many others. However, this can be prevented by drinking two 8-ounce glasses of water before breakfast, lunch, and dinner
Thus, prevent dehydration to avoid experiencing its detrimental effects on our body. Most of the time, dehydration can be prevented through drinking eight glasses of water a day. When you are involved with the high-energy level of activity, or you are sick drink more of the suggested amount of water.